Impacts of Trauma

Traumatic experiences, particularly when they are experienced during childhood, impact the brain of the developing child or adult individual experiencing the trauma. Because human brains are designed for survival and have innate defense mechanisms to escape and or manage traumatic experiences, we react to trauma in one of three ways: fighting, fleeing, or freezing. Each of these ways, particularly when used over and over again due to exposure to ongoing trauma, create neural patterns that become automatic for us as we develop and cause disruption or delays in the development of other areas of our brains that involve more complex, conscious choices or responses.


Here are some resources that describe the impact of trauma on the brain:

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